Biosphere reserves are ‘learning places for sustainable development’. They are sites for testing interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and managing changes and interactions between social and ecological systems, including conflict prevention and management of biodiversity. They are places that provide local solutions to global challenges. Biosphere reserves include terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems. Each site promotes solutions reconciling the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. Birding tourism and Eco tourism is vital in these areas and quite rewarding as many Biospheres include RASMAR sites and are supported by UNESCO and ICUN. They comprises of a core area which is a strictly protected zone that contributes to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation. Usally biodiversity hotspots with endemic species of birds,trees and reptiles,in some Chimpanzees and Gorillas.Core are is surrounded by a buffer zone, and is used for activities compatible with sound ecological practices that can reinforce scientific research, monitoring, training and education.Then a transition area is where communities foster socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable economic and human activities.